Larviciding is an important component of an Integrated Pest Management strategy, alongside adulticiding, and cultural and biological control measures.
Larviciding of manure and other fly breeding sites is accomplished with the same types of equipment used for residual surface sprays. A coarse spray and high volume is required.
The most satisfactory use of a spray-on larvicide is to apply it only to those areas in which an abundance of fly larvae is observed.
Complete treatment of all manure and other potential breeding sites is expensive. There is a further problem with treating all manure: generally, insecticides which pass through the digestive tract and faeces to become toxic to fly larvae will also be toxic to fly predators in the manure, and most of the beneficial predator population will be killed.
An exception is cyromazine (NEPOREX®), which is toxic to fly larvae but not to predaceous mites and beetles.
Larviciding can also be accomplished by incorporating an insecticide into animal feed. Incorporating an insecticide into the water has been less satisfactory due to the irregular amounts of water consumption and difficulty in maintaining the proper dosage per animal.
Although several chemicals have been experimentally effective for fly control in faeces, most have not been registered for use. Often there are problems with residues in the animal tissues or products.
Any insecticides that are used as part of a fly control programme must be labeled and registered for the intended use.
In animal production facilities extreme caution should be exercised to be sure that only approved insecticides are used, and that label instructions and restrictions are followed.
There are frequent changes in the insecticides approved and labeled for fly control by the different application methods and the latest information should be obtained.